Debian and Arch Linux installation

Note

This guide targets Debian 9 (Stretch), which is the latest Debian, as well as Arch Linux.

External dependencies

The guides will focus on installing Funkwhale-specific components and dependencies. However, Funkwhale requires a few external dependencies for which documentation is outside of this document scope.

Install utilities

You’ll need a few utilities during this guide that are not always present by default on system. On Debian-like systems, you can install them using:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install curl python3-pip python3-venv git unzip libldap2-dev libsasl2-dev

On Arch Linux and its derivatives:

sudo pacman -S curl python-pip python-virtualenv git unzip

Layout

All Funkwhale-related files will be located under /srv/funkwhale apart from database files and a few configuration files. We will also have a dedicated funkwhale user to launch the processes we need and own those files.

You are free to use different values here, just remember to adapt those in the next steps.

Create the user and the directory:

sudo useradd -r -s /usr/bin/nologin -d /srv/funkwhale -m funkwhale
cd /srv/funkwhale

Log in as the newly created user from now on:

sudo -u funkwhale -H bash

Now let’s setup our directory layout. Here is how it will look like:

.
├── config      # config / environment files
├── api         # api code of your instance
├── data        # persistent data, such as music files
├── front       # frontend files for the web user interface
└── virtualenv  # python dependencies for Funkwhale

Create the aforementionned directories:

mkdir -p config api data/static data/media data/music front

The virtualenv directory is a bit special and will be created separately.

Download latest Funkwhale release

Funkwhale is splitted in two components:

  1. The API, which will handle music storage and user accounts
  2. The frontend, that will simply connect to the API to interact with its data

Those components are packaged in subsequent releases, such as 0.1, 0.2, etc. You can browse the changelog for a list of available releases and pick the one you want to install, usually the latest one should be okay.

In this guide, we’ll assume you want to install the latest version of Funkwhale, which is 0.17:

First, we’ll download the latest api release.

curl -L -o "api-0.17.zip" "https://dev.funkwhale.audio/funkwhale/funkwhale/-/jobs/artifacts/0.17/download?job=build_api"
unzip "api-0.17.zip" -d extracted
mv extracted/api/* api/
rm -rf extracted

Then we’ll download the frontend files:

curl -L -o "front-0.17.zip" "https://dev.funkwhale.audio/funkwhale/funkwhale/-/jobs/artifacts/0.17/download?job=build_front"
unzip "front-0.17.zip" -d extracted
mv extracted/front .
rm -rf extracted

Note

You can also choose to get the code directly from the git repo. In this case, run

cd /srv

rm -r funkwhale

git clone -b master https://dev.funkwhale.audio/funkwhale/funkwhale funkwhale

cd funkwhale

The above clone command uses the master branch instead of the default develop branch, as master is stable and more suited for production setups.

You’ll also need to re-create the folders we make earlier:

mkdir -p config data/static data/media data/music front

You will still need to get the frontend files as specified before, because we’re not going to build them.

You can leave the ZIP archives in the directory, this will help you know which version you’ve installed next time you want to upgrade your installation.

System dependencies

First, switch to the api directory:

cd api

A few OS packages are required in order to run Funkwhale. On Debian-like systems, they can be installed with

sudo apt install build-essential ffmpeg libjpeg-dev libmagic-dev libpq-dev postgresql-client python3-dev

On Arch, run

pacman -S $(cat api/requirements.pac)

From now on, you should use the funkwhale user for all commands.

Python dependencies

Go back to the base directory:

cd /srv/funkwhale

To avoid collisions with other software on your system, Python dependencies will be installed in a dedicated virtualenv.

First, create the virtualenv and install wheel:

python3 -m venv /srv/funkwhale/virtualenv
pip3 install wheel

This will result in a virtualenv directory being created in /srv/funkwhale/virtualenv.

In the rest of this guide, we’ll need to activate this environment to ensure dependencies are installed within it, and not directly on your host system.

This is done with the following command:

source /srv/funkwhale/virtualenv/bin/activate

Finally, install the python dependencies:

pip install -r api/requirements.txt

Important

Further commands involving python should always be run after you activated the virtualenv, as described earlier, otherwise those commands will raise errors

Environment file

You can now start to configure Funkwhale. The main way to achieve that is by adding an environment file that will host settings that are relevant to your installation.

Download the sample environment file:

curl -L -o config/.env "https://dev.funkwhale.audio/funkwhale/funkwhale/raw/develop/deploy/env.prod.sample"

Note

if you used git to get the latest version of the code earlier, you can instead do

cp /srv/funkwhale/deploy/env.prod.sample /srv/funkwhale/config/.env

You can then edit it: the file is heavily commented, and the most relevant configuration options are mentioned at the top of the file.

Especially, populate the DATABASE_URL and CACHE_URL values based on how you configured your PostgreSQL and Redis servers in external dependencies.

Note

The environment file at config/.env is loaded automatically by Funkwhale processes.

Database setup

You should now be able to import the initial database structure:

python api/manage.py migrate

This will create the required tables and rows.

Note

You can safely execute this command any time you want, this will only run unapplied migrations.

Warning

You may sometimes get the following warning while applying migrations:

"Your models have changes that are not yet reflected in a migration, and so won't be applied."

This is a warning, not an error, and it can be safely ignored. Never run the makemigrations command yourself.

Create an admin account

You can then create your first user account:

python api/manage.py createsuperuser

If you ever want to change a user’s password from the command line, just run:

python api/manage.py changepassword <user>

Collect static files

Static files are the static assets used by the API server (icon PNGs, CSS, etc.). We need to collect them explicitly, so they can be served by the webserver:

python api/manage.py collectstatic

This should populate the directory you choose for the STATIC_ROOT variable in your .env file.

Systemd unit file

See Systemd configuration.

Reverse proxy setup

See reverse-proxy.